Photography

Man Ray (1880 - 1979)

Brought up in Brooklyn, Emmanuel Radnitsky adopted the pseudonym Man Ray in 1909 and as a regular visitor of Alfred Stieglitz’s gallery, 291, became acquainted to European contemporary art and avant-garde photography. The Dada movement that took birth in Zurich, in 1916, found an echo beyond the Atlantic Ocean where Man Ray, probably influenced by Francis Picabia’s visit the same year, in the city, became the prominent figure of the Avant-Garde, also entitled Dada. When he settled in Paris, in 1921, he promptly turned into an influential member of  the Dada and Surrealist groups within which he collaborated with Jean Cocteau, André Breton, Salvador Dali or Max Ernst. In 1922, he began experimenting his very own version of photograms that he called rayographs - camera-less images made of everyday objects that Surrealists dislodged from their initial contexts. His art practice spanning painting, sculpture, prints and poetry, Man Ray also contributed to the aesthetic of avant-garde films in the same way as Luis Bunuel and Hans Richter while his photography inspired Maurice Tabard or Brassaï. He successfully navigated between commercial and fine art - establishing such iconic portraits of his social circle and legendary pictures as his Violin d’Ingres featuring Kiki de Montparnasse while working as a conceptual fashion photographer for Vogue and Harper’s Bazaar. At a time when machinery and innovation were seen as the allies of progress, speed and technology, Man Ray’s technique served fantasy.
 

Man Ray, Salvador Dali, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Salvador Dali, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Alexander Calder, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Alexander Calder, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, André Breton, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, André Breton, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Antonin Artaud, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Antonin Artaud, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Balthus, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Balthus, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Benjamin Fondane, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Benjamin Fondane, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Bernard Deshoulieres, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Bernard Deshoulieres, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Bronislava Nijinska, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Bronislava Nijinska, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Constantin Brancusi, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Constantin Brancusi, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Denise Tual, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Denise Tual, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Edward James, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Edward James, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Mile Dubuffet, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Mile Dubuffet, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Ernest Hemingway, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Ernest Hemingway, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Ezra Pound, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Ezra Pound, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Genica Athanasiou, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Genica Athanasiou, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Georges Malkine, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Georges Malkine, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Helen Tamiris, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Helen Tamiris, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Henry Crowder, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Henry Crowder, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Jacqueline Goddard, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Jacqueline Goddard, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Joan Miro, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Joan Miro, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Karin Van Leyden, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Karin Van Leyden, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Le Corbusier, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Le Corbusier, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Lee Miller, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Lee Miller, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Marcel Duchamp, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Marcel Duchamp, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Nancy Cunard, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Nancy Cunard, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Nusch Eluard, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Nusch Eluard, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Wiliam Seabrook and Lee Miller, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Wiliam Seabrook and Lee Miller, c. 1921/ 1937
Man Ray, Catherine Deneuve, 1968
Man Ray, Catherine Deneuve, 1968
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