Photography

Sander, August (1876 - 1964)

After practicing photography during his military service, August Sander opens his own studio in the early 1900s in Cologne. Close to the avant-garde movements, he soon decides to go on a major documentary observation of his country: Menschen des 20. Jahrhunderts (Men of the 20th Century). Although his images seem cold and detached, they nonetheless accurately depict what the faces of Germany are. He thus illustrates the buoyant time of his country from the disappearance of the Weimar Republic to the advent of National Socialism, capturing workers, aristocrats, artists, soldiers and farmers as well as gypsies, vagabonds and other society marginals - ‘In photography, there are no shadows, one cannot light’. It is because he not only emphasizes the wealthy but also the modest and the non-conformist that August Sander is blacklisted by the Nazis that detest his true social attention far from their mystified racial glorification. He thus brings an end to his project in 1933 and will finally completely abandon it in the late 1940s in the ruins of World War II. With his individual portraits, the German photographer managed to incarnate a revealing and sometimes troubling analysis of his era, a crucial take on memory that will later influence Walker Evans and Edward Steichen’s Family of Man, in 1955.

Tags / August Sander - German Photographer - 1930s - Portrait - Society - Documentation - Face
August Sander, Raoul Hausmann as a Dancer, 1929
August Sander, Raoul Hausmann as a Dancer, 1929
August Sander, Handlanger, 1928
August Sander, Handlanger, 1928
August Sander, Old Farmer, 1931-1932
August Sander, Old Farmer, 1931-1932
August Sander, Death Mask of Erich Sander, 1944
August Sander, Death Mask of Erich Sander, 1944
August Sander, Laborer from Frechen, 1930
August Sander, Laborer from Frechen, 1930
August Sander, Explosion Victim, ca. 1930
August Sander, Explosion Victim, ca. 1930
August Sander, Midget Woman, 1920-1924
August Sander, Midget Woman, 1920-1924
August Sander, Midgets, 1906-1914
August Sander, Midgets, 1906-1914
August Sander, Cretin, 1924
August Sander, Cretin, 1924
August Sander, Blind Miner and Blind Soldier, ca. 1930
August Sander, Blind Miner and Blind Soldier, ca. 1930
August Sander, Blind Girls, ca. 1930
August Sander, Blind Girls, ca. 1930
August Sander, Blind Children at their Lessons, ca. 1930
August Sander, Blind Children at their Lessons, ca. 1930
August Sander, Blind People, ca. 1930
August Sander, Blind People, ca. 1930
August Sander, Children Born Blind, ca. 1930
August Sander, Children Born Blind, ca. 1930
August Sander, The Foster Mother, ca. 1930
August Sander, The Foster Mother, ca. 1930
August Sander, Blind Children, ca. 1930
August Sander, Blind Children, ca. 1930
August Sander, Political Prisoner (Erich Sander), 1943
August Sander, Political Prisoner (Erich Sander), 1943
August Sander, Victim of Persecution, ca. 1938
August Sander, Victim of Persecution, ca. 1938
August Sander, Vagrants, 1929
August Sander, Vagrants, 1929
August Sander, ”Test your Strength” Showman, 1924-1930
August Sander, ”Test your Strength” Showman, 1924-1930
August Sander, Circus Workers, 1926-1932
August Sander, Circus Workers, 1926-1932
August Sander, Girl in Fairground Caravan, 1927-1932
August Sander, Girl in Fairground Caravan, 1927-1932
August Sander, Artists’ Party, ca. 1930
August Sander, Artists’ Party, ca. 1930
August Sander, Young Photographer (Gunther Sander), 1929
August Sander, Young Photographer (Gunther Sander), 1929
August Sander, Political Prisoner, 1943
August Sander, Political Prisoner, 1943
August Sander, Painter (Otto Dix), 1924
August Sander, Painter (Otto Dix), 1924
August Sander, Sculptor (Hans Schmitz), 1923
August Sander, Sculptor (Hans Schmitz), 1923
August Sander, Painter (Gottfried Brockmann), 1924
August Sander, Painter (Gottfried Brockmann), 1924
August Sander, Stage Performers (Carl de Vogt, Willi Ostermann, Trude Alex), 1932
August Sander, Stage Performers (Carl de Vogt, Willi Ostermann, Trude Alex), 1932
August Sander, Maler (Anton Räderscheidt), 1926
August Sander, Maler (Anton Räderscheidt), 1926
August Sander, Country Girls, 1925
August Sander, Country Girls, 1925
August Sander, The Notary, 1924
August Sander, The Notary, 1924
August Sander, Attorney, 1931
August Sander, Attorney, 1931
August Sander, Aristocratic Children, c. 1920
August Sander, Aristocratic Children, c. 1920
August Sander, Working Students, 1926
August Sander, Working Students, 1926
August Sander, Fraternity Student, 1925
August Sander, Fraternity Student, 1925
August Sander, Medical Student, 1927
August Sander, Medical Student, 1927
August Sander, Forester, 1911–1914
August Sander, Forester, 1911–1914
August Sander, Police Officer, 1925
August Sander, Police Officer, 1925
August Sander, Savings Bank Cashier, 1928
August Sander, Savings Bank Cashier, 1928
August Sander, Military Height Differences, 1915
August Sander, Military Height Differences, 1915
August Sander, Catholic Priest, 1927
August Sander, Catholic Priest, 1927
August Sander, Minister and Family, 1911–1914
August Sander, Minister and Family, 1911–1914
August Sander, Parish Nurse, c. 1926
August Sander, Parish Nurse, c. 1926
August Sander, Village Schoolteacher, 1921
August Sander, Village Schoolteacher, 1921
August Sander, Village School Class, c. 1929
August Sander, Village School Class, c. 1929
August Sander, Member of Parliament (Democrat), 1927
August Sander, Member of Parliament (Democrat), 1927
August Sander, Merchant, 1924
August Sander, Merchant, 1924
August Sander, Young Farmers, 1914. Printed 1990
August Sander, Young Farmers, 1914. Printed 1990
August Sander, Painter’s Wife (Helene Abelen), ca. 1926. Printed 1990
August Sander, Painter’s Wife (Helene Abelen), ca. 1926. Printed 1990
August Sander, Farm Child on Bicycle, 1913. Printed 1990
August Sander, Farm Child on Bicycle, 1913. Printed 1990
August Sander, Circus Worker, Koln, 1926
August Sander, Circus Worker, Koln, 1926
August Sander, Boxers, 1928
August Sander, Boxers, 1928
August Sander, Farm Girls, c.1928
August Sander, Farm Girls, c.1928
August Sander, Self-portrait in Siebengebirge, c.1941
August Sander, Self-portrait in Siebengebirge, c.1941
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