Edith Head (1897 - 1981)
Certainly the most important Hollywood costume designer of all time, the “Dress Doctor”, her so called tip book, is responsible for some of the most memorable film wardrobes in history. Interestingly, she became a true fashion authority for many American women, conveying timeless styling tips. Is it because she studied French culture in Stanford University that she has this uncanny sense of couture but when she started to work for Hollywood studios she almost knew nothing about costume design. She gained public attention for the top mink-lined gown she created for Ginger Rodgers in Lady in the Dark in 1944 and became a favorite among the leading female stars of the 50s such as Bette Davis, Shirley MacLaine, Grace Kelly, Audrey Hepburn and Elizabeth Taylor. Her record-breaking run of fifteen Award nominations and eight wins made her the more Oscar awarded Hollywood woman ever. With her black glasses and fringe, she had this very modern peculiar look, reminding of those fashion influential ladies such as Diana Vreeland or Isabella Blow whose business was to sell beauty and whose own beauty was glamorously coarse.