The American actor made his film début after a successful progress on stage in New York, opposite Barbara Stanwyck in The Strange Love of Martha Ivers, in 1946. He rapidly grew out to become the ultimate incarnation of the tough guy, through the figure of soldiers and cowboys in various features such as I Walk Alone, in 1948 and The Bad and the Beautiful, in 1952 and in which he often collaborated with Burt Lancaster. Despite his acclaimed performances in highly popular war and epics films such as Paths of Glory, in 1957, Gunfight at the Ok Corral, in 1957 and Spartacus, in 1960, he was rapidly considered as a rebel. Kirk Douglas indeed spoke out loud for Hollywood’s communist-suspected talents and founded his own production company to gain control on his career. When, from the 1970s, audiences were not really into the American heroic male any more, Kirk Douglas focused on philanthropy and passed the torch on to his son Michael.