Muses

Charlie Chaplin (1889 - 1977)

Charles Chaplin’s parents are themselves English vaudeville entertainers and helped by their connections, he appears on comedy stages from a young age. Remarked by an American producer in 1913 during a tour in the United States, he remains in the country and begins a film acting career. In 1914, with the silent film, Kid Auto Races at Venice, Charlie Chaplin creates his trademark and one of cinema’s most iconic characters, The Tramp, wearing baggy trousers, large worn-out shoes, a cane and a bowler hat. The good-natured persona to whom catastrophes always seem to happen is clearly inspired by the actor's impoverished childhood, a humorous Dickens-like figure. Rapidly, Charlie Chaplin began directing and once again, left a significant imprint on cinema's history with his revolutionary framing filming techniques. With The Tramp, in 1915, he installed the stamped ending of his future features: his character, back to the camera, walking enthusiastically towards his future with a twirling cane. In 1919, alongside Mary Pickford, Griffith and Douglas Fairbanks, he founded the United Artists before directing one of his biggest successes, The Kid, in 1921, The Gold Rush, in 1925 and City Lights, in 1931. Modern Times, in 1936 was the last film featuring The Tramp and in 1940, he directed his first full sound film, the controversial Hitler parody, The Great Dictator. Following World War II, Charlie Chaplin became the target of J.Edgar Hoover who despised his liberal views and relationships with very young women. The actor, who had never obtained the American citizenship, therefore settled in Switzerland until his death. In 1952, he directed what could be described as his cinematic swan song while he did his last film, A Countess From Hong Kong, starring Sophia Loren and Marlon Brando, in 1967. With his numerous romantic affairs that gave birth to a great number of children, the actor established a legendary dynasty made of poetic acrobats such as James Thiérrée and elegant actresses embodied by Geraldine Chaplin. Yet, despite the various misfortunes he had known during his career and personal life, Charlie Chaplin remains one of cinema's most recognized and admired figures with his clownesque 'pathos - meets - laughter' style, illustrated by the words of his song Smile.

Charlie Chaplin in Modern Times directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1936
Charlie Chaplin in Modern Times directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1936
Charlie Chaplin in City Lights directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1931
Charlie Chaplin in City Lights directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1931
Charlie Chaplin and Paulette Godard in The Great Dictator directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1940. Photo by William Wallace
Charlie Chaplin and Paulette Godard in The Great Dictator directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1940. Photo by William Wallace
Charlie Chaplin and Jackie Coogan in The Kid directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1921
Charlie Chaplin and Jackie Coogan in The Kid directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1921
Charlie Chaplin and Virginie Cherrill in City Lights directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1931
Charlie Chaplin and Virginie Cherrill in City Lights directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1931
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1917
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1917
Charlie Chaplin in A dog's life directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Charlie Chaplin in A dog's life directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Douglas Faibanks Sr, Charlie Chaplin, ? and Mary Pickford on the set of The gold rush directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1925
Douglas Faibanks Sr, Charlie Chaplin, ? and Mary Pickford on the set of The gold rush directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1925
Charlie Chaplin on the set of The gold rush directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1925
Charlie Chaplin on the set of The gold rush directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1925
Charlie Chaplin on the set of Modern Times directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1936
Charlie Chaplin on the set of Modern Times directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1936
Charlie Chaplin  in The Great Dictator directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1940
Charlie Chaplin in The Great Dictator directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1940
Charlie Chaplin in City Lights directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1931
Charlie Chaplin in City Lights directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1931
Charlie Chaplin in Easy Street directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1917
Charlie Chaplin in Easy Street directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1917
Charlie Chaplin in Triple trouble directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Charlie Chaplin in Triple trouble directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Charlie Chaplin in The Stranger directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Charlie Chaplin in The Stranger directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Charlie Chaplin in Triple trouble directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Charlie Chaplin in Triple trouble directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Edna Purviance and Charlie Chaplin in A dog's life directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Edna Purviance and Charlie Chaplin in A dog's life directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Charlie Chaplin in Chase me Charlie directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1920's
Charlie Chaplin in Chase me Charlie directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1920's
Charlie Chaplin in Chase me Charlie directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1920's
Charlie Chaplin in Chase me Charlie directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1920's
Charlie Chaplin in Chase me Charlie directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1920's
Charlie Chaplin in Chase me Charlie directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1920's
Charlie Chaplin in Chase me Charlie directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1920's
Charlie Chaplin in Chase me Charlie directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1920's
Charlie Chaplin in Chase me Charlie directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1920's
Charlie Chaplin in Chase me Charlie directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1920's
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1940's
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1940's
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1916
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1916
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1910's
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1910's
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1910's
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1910's
Charlie Chaplin and Jack Fitchett, manager of The Palace Theatre, 1930's
Charlie Chaplin and Jack Fitchett, manager of The Palace Theatre, 1930's
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1920's
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1920's
Program to 'The Circus' starring Charlie Chaplin, at Grauman's Chinese Theatre, 1928
Program to 'The Circus' starring Charlie Chaplin, at Grauman's Chinese Theatre, 1928
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1910's
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1910's
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1960's
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1960's
Charlie Chaplin and Claire Bloom in Limelight directed by Charlie Chaplin,1952 . Photo by W. Eugene Smith
Charlie Chaplin and Claire Bloom in Limelight directed by Charlie Chaplin,1952 . Photo by W. Eugene Smith
Portrait of Ralph Barton and Charlie Chaplin by Nickolas Muray, 1920's
Portrait of Ralph Barton and Charlie Chaplin by Nickolas Muray, 1920's
Charlie Chaplin in The gold rush directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1925
Charlie Chaplin in The gold rush directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1925
Charlie Chaplin in The gold rush directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1925
Charlie Chaplin in The gold rush directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1925
Charlie Chaplin and Paulette Godard in The Great Dictator directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1940. Photo by William Wallace
Charlie Chaplin and Paulette Godard in The Great Dictator directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1940. Photo by William Wallace
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin for The Great Dictator directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1940. Photo by Williams Wallace
Portrait of Charlie Chaplin for The Great Dictator directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1940. Photo by Williams Wallace
Charlie Chaplin and Claire Bloom in Limelight directed by Charlie Chaplin,1952 . Photo by W. Eugene Smith
Charlie Chaplin and Claire Bloom in Limelight directed by Charlie Chaplin,1952 . Photo by W. Eugene Smith
Eric Campbell, Marta Golden, Edna Purviance and Charlie Chaplin for The Adventurer directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1917
Eric Campbell, Marta Golden, Edna Purviance and Charlie Chaplin for The Adventurer directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1917
Charlie Chaplin in The Bank directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1915
Charlie Chaplin in The Bank directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1915
Edna Purviance and Charlie Chaplin for The Bond directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Edna Purviance and Charlie Chaplin for The Bond directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Charlie Chaplin in The Circus directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1928
Charlie Chaplin in The Circus directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1928
Charlie Chaplin in The Circus directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1928
Charlie Chaplin in The Circus directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1928
Merna Kennedy and Charlie Chaplin in The Circus directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1928
Merna Kennedy and Charlie Chaplin in The Circus directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1928
Charlie Chaplin and Virginia Cherrill in City Lights directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1931
Charlie Chaplin and Virginia Cherrill in City Lights directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1931
Charlie Chaplin in City Lights directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1931
Charlie Chaplin in City Lights directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1931
Edna Purviance and Charlie Chaplin for The Cure directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1917
Edna Purviance and Charlie Chaplin for The Cure directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1917
Charlie Chaplin in The gold rush directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1925
Charlie Chaplin in The gold rush directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1925
Charlie Chaplin in The gold rush directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1925
Charlie Chaplin in The gold rush directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1925
Charlie Chaplin in The gold rush directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1925
Charlie Chaplin in The gold rush directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1925
Charlie Chaplin in The Great Dictator directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1940
Charlie Chaplin in The Great Dictator directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1940
Charlie Chaplin and Jack Oakie in The Great Dictator directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1940
Charlie Chaplin and Jack Oakie in The Great Dictator directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1940
Charlie Chaplin in The Great Dictator directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1940
Charlie Chaplin in The Great Dictator directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1940
Charlie Chaplin in His New Job directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1915
Charlie Chaplin in His New Job directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1915
Charlie Chaplin, Edna Purviance and Eric Campbell in The Immigrant directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1917
Charlie Chaplin, Edna Purviance and Eric Campbell in The Immigrant directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1917
Charlie Chaplin, Edna Purviance and Kitty Bradbury in The Immigrant directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1917
Charlie Chaplin, Edna Purviance and Kitty Bradbury in The Immigrant directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1917
Charlie Chaplin in Limelight directed by Charlie Chaplin,1952
Charlie Chaplin in Limelight directed by Charlie Chaplin,1952
Charlie Chaplin in Limelight directed by Charlie Chaplin,1952
Charlie Chaplin in Limelight directed by Charlie Chaplin,1952
Buster Keaton and Charlie Chaplin in Limelight directed by Charlie Chaplin,1952
Buster Keaton and Charlie Chaplin in Limelight directed by Charlie Chaplin,1952
Charlie Chaplin in Limelight directed by Charlie Chaplin,1952
Charlie Chaplin in Limelight directed by Charlie Chaplin,1952
Charlie Chaplin in Modern Times directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1936
Charlie Chaplin in Modern Times directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1936
Charlie Chaplin in Modern Times directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1936
Charlie Chaplin in Modern Times directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1936
Charlie Chaplin in Modern Times directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1936
Charlie Chaplin in Modern Times directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1936
Charlie Chaplin in Monsieur Verdoux directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1947
Charlie Chaplin in Monsieur Verdoux directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1947
Charlie Chaplin and Martha Raye in Monsieur Verdoux directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1947
Charlie Chaplin and Martha Raye in Monsieur Verdoux directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1947
Charlie Chaplin and Barbara Slater in Monsieur Verdoux directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1947
Charlie Chaplin and Barbara Slater in Monsieur Verdoux directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1947
Charlie Chaplin in Pay Day directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1922
Charlie Chaplin in Pay Day directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1922
Charlie Chaplin in The  Pilgrim directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1922
Charlie Chaplin in The Pilgrim directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1922
Charlie Chaplin in Shoulder Arms directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Charlie Chaplin in Shoulder Arms directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Charlie Chaplin in Shoulder Arms directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Charlie Chaplin in Shoulder Arms directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1918
Charlotte Mineau and Charlie Chaplin in The Vagabond directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1916
Charlotte Mineau and Charlie Chaplin in The Vagabond directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1916
Charlie and Sidney Chaplin and May Reeves, San Moritz, Switzerland circa 1931/1932
Charlie and Sidney Chaplin and May Reeves, San Moritz, Switzerland circa 1931/1932
William Haines, Marion Davies and Charlie Chaplin in Show People directed by King Video, 1928
William Haines, Marion Davies and Charlie Chaplin in Show People directed by King Video, 1928
Charlie Chaplin and Paulette Goddard in Modern Times directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1936
Charlie Chaplin and Paulette Goddard in Modern Times directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1936
Buster Keaton and Charlie Chaplin in Limelight directed by Charlie Chaplin,1952
Buster Keaton and Charlie Chaplin in Limelight directed by Charlie Chaplin,1952
Charlie Chaplin and Jackie Coogan in The Kid directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1921
Charlie Chaplin and Jackie Coogan in The Kid directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1921
Charlie Chaplin and Jackie Coogan in The Kid directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1921
Charlie Chaplin and Jackie Coogan in The Kid directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1921
Charlie Chaplin and Jackie Coogan in The Kid directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1921
Charlie Chaplin and Jackie Coogan in The Kid directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1921
Charlie Chaplin in The Kid directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1921
Charlie Chaplin in The Kid directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1921
Charlie Chaplin, Rex Stoney, Al Ernest Garcia and Henry Bergman in The idle class directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1921
Charlie Chaplin, Rex Stoney, Al Ernest Garcia and Henry Bergman in The idle class directed by Charlie Chaplin, 1921
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