Muses

Dora Maar (1907 - 1997)

Henriette Theodora Marcovich was brought up in Buenos Aires where her father was a renowned architect and where she began to capture the harrowing verticality of buildings. In 1920, she settled in Paris where she became the assistant of Man Ray, collaborated on fashion photography with Harry Ossip Meerson and portrayed nudes for erotic publications, before opening her own studio in 1935. Her work frequently attributed to Man Ray often featured signature techniques such as contrasting lights and shadows, high-angle or low-angle shots that highlighted Dora Maar’s vertiginous taste for verticality and theatricality and distorted reality. Her experimental shots revealed her intimate anxiety and her troubled relationship with life and its disturbing reality. When she began her love affair with Pablo Picasso in 1936, she put an end to her practice. Another member of the painter’s long list of muses wiped out by the man’s glory, Dora Maar is mostly renowned today because of a cubist portrait that immortalized her as a desperate crying woman, a dismantled and objectified woman. Hopefully, another innovative feminine figure of photography, Lee Miller, depicted Dora Maar in the late 1930s, and thus reestablished her in her very essence and integrity.

Adrienne (Ady) Fidelin (dancer, companion of Man Ray), Marie Cuttoli, Man Ray, Paul Cuttoli, Picasso and Dora Maar, Antibes, 1937
Adrienne (Ady) Fidelin (dancer, companion of Man Ray), Marie Cuttoli, Man Ray, Paul Cuttoli, Picasso and Dora Maar, Antibes, 1937
Dora Maar by Man Ray, 1936
Dora Maar by Man Ray, 1936
Dora Maar by Izis, 1946
Dora Maar by Izis, 1946
Dora Maar, Pablo Picasso and Lee Miller, 1937
Dora Maar, Pablo Picasso and Lee Miller, 1937
Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar with green fingernails, 1936, oil on canvas, 66 x 54.9 cm, Museum Berrgruen, Berlin
Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar with green fingernails, 1936, oil on canvas, 66 x 54.9 cm, Museum Berrgruen, Berlin
Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar tête penchée au foulard jaune, 1936, oil on canvas,64,5 x 54 cm
Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar tête penchée au foulard jaune, 1936, oil on canvas,64,5 x 54 cm
Pablo Picasso, Buste de femme au chapeau (Dora), 1939, oil on canvas, 55 x 46.5 cm
Pablo Picasso, Buste de femme au chapeau (Dora), 1939, oil on canvas, 55 x 46.5 cm
Pablo Picasso, Femme Couchée (Dora Maar), 1938
Pablo Picasso, Femme Couchée (Dora Maar), 1938
Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar in an Armchair, 1939. Oil on canvas, 73.3 x 60.3 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art
Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar in an Armchair, 1939. Oil on canvas, 73.3 x 60.3 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art
Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar with Cat, 1941. Oil on canvas, 128.3 cm × 95.3 cm. Private Collection
Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar with Cat, 1941. Oil on canvas, 128.3 cm × 95.3 cm. Private Collection
Dora Maar, Nusch Éluard, Pablo Picasso and Paul Éluard on the beach by Eileen Agar, September 1937
Dora Maar, Nusch Éluard, Pablo Picasso and Paul Éluard on the beach by Eileen Agar, September 1937
Dora Maar and Pablo Picasso on the beach by Eileen Agar, September 1937
Dora Maar and Pablo Picasso on the beach by Eileen Agar, September 1937
Portrait of Dora Maar by Man Ray, 1936
Portrait of Dora Maar by Man Ray, 1936
Portrait of Dora Maar by Rogi André, Paris, 1941
Portrait of Dora Maar by Rogi André, Paris, 1941
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1937. Oil on canvas, 55, » x 46,3 cm. Musée National Picasso, Paris
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1937. Oil on canvas, 55, » x 46,3 cm. Musée National Picasso, Paris
Pablo Picasso, Woman with Mauve Hat (Femme au chapeau mauve), 1939. Oil on canvas, 21 ¾ x 18 inches. Private Collection
Pablo Picasso, Woman with Mauve Hat (Femme au chapeau mauve), 1939. Oil on canvas, 21 ¾ x 18 inches. Private Collection
Portrait of Dora Maar by Rogi André, Paris, 1947
Portrait of Dora Maar by Rogi André, Paris, 1947
Portrait of Dora Maar by Irving Penn, 1948
Portrait of Dora Maar by Irving Penn, 1948
Dora Maar in her studio by Brassaï, 1946
Dora Maar in her studio by Brassaï, 1946
Portrait of Dora Maar by Brassaï, 1944
Portrait of Dora Maar by Brassaï, 1944
Portrait of Dora Maar with Sonia Mossé by Pablo Picasso, Antibes, 1939
Portrait of Dora Maar with Sonia Mossé by Pablo Picasso, Antibes, 1939
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1937. Oil on canvas, 92 x 65 cm. Musée National Picasso, Paris
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1937. Oil on canvas, 92 x 65 cm. Musée National Picasso, Paris
Dora Maar by Izis, 1946
Dora Maar by Izis, 1946
Dora Maar. Self-Portrait, Paris, 1938
Dora Maar. Self-Portrait, Paris, 1938
Dora Maar in her studio by Brassaï, 1946
Dora Maar in her studio by Brassaï, 1946
Pablo Picasso with Dora Maar, 1930s
Pablo Picasso with Dora Maar, 1930s
Pablo Picasso, Head of a Woman (Dora Maar), 1937
Pablo Picasso, Head of a Woman (Dora Maar), 1937
Pablo Picasso, Head of a Woman (Dora Maar), March 28, 1939
Pablo Picasso, Head of a Woman (Dora Maar), March 28, 1939
Portrait of Dora Maar by Man Ray, 1936
Portrait of Dora Maar by Man Ray, 1936
Pablo Picasso with Dora Maar by Man Ray, 1935
Pablo Picasso with Dora Maar by Man Ray, 1935
Pablo Picasso with his portraits of Dora Maar in atelier des Grands-Augustins, Paris, 1939
Pablo Picasso with his portraits of Dora Maar in atelier des Grands-Augustins, Paris, 1939
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar with blue eyes, 1939
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar with blue eyes, 1939
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1936
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1936
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1942
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1942
Dora Maar, Double Portrait with Hat, c. 1936-1937
Dora Maar, Double Portrait with Hat, c. 1936-1937
Portrait of Dora Maar by Man Ray, 1936
Portrait of Dora Maar by Man Ray, 1936
Pablo Picasso’s studio by Dora Maar, series of portraits of women in front of the Woman at her Dressing Table at the studio on rue des Grands-Augustins, Paris
Pablo Picasso’s studio by Dora Maar, series of portraits of women in front of the Woman at her Dressing Table at the studio on rue des Grands-Augustins, Paris
Pablo Picasso, Female Bust (Dora Maar), 1938
Pablo Picasso, Female Bust (Dora Maar), 1938
Pablo Picasso,  Dora Maar, 1941. Oil on linen, 73 x 60,2 cm. National Gallery of Art, Washington
Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar, 1941. Oil on linen, 73 x 60,2 cm. National Gallery of Art, Washington
Pablo Picasso, Portrait de Dora Maar pensive, 1937. Pencil of paper, 31 x 40, 2 cm
Pablo Picasso, Portrait de Dora Maar pensive, 1937. Pencil of paper, 31 x 40, 2 cm
Portrait of Dora Maar by Emmanuel Sougez, 1934
Portrait of Dora Maar by Emmanuel Sougez, 1934
Portrait of Dora Maar by Emmanuel Sougez, 1934
Portrait of Dora Maar by Emmanuel Sougez, 1934
Portrait Dora Maar by Michel Sima posing beside of her painting Portrait of Alice Toklas, 1946
Portrait Dora Maar by Michel Sima posing beside of her painting Portrait of Alice Toklas, 1946
Pablo Picasso and Dora Maar by Roland Penrose, Mougins, 1937
Pablo Picasso and Dora Maar by Roland Penrose, Mougins, 1937
Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar in a Wicker Chair, 1938. Ink, charcoal, and pastel on paper, 77.2 x 56.2 cm
Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar in a Wicker Chair, 1938. Ink, charcoal, and pastel on paper, 77.2 x 56.2 cm
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1937
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1937
Pablo Picasso, The yellow shirt (Dora Maar), 1939. Oil on canvas, 81 x 65 cm. Museum Berggruen, Berlin
Pablo Picasso, The yellow shirt (Dora Maar), 1939. Oil on canvas, 81 x 65 cm. Museum Berggruen, Berlin
Dora Maar in her studio, rue de Savoie, 1940s
Dora Maar in her studio, rue de Savoie, 1940s
Pablo Picasso, Woman with arms leves (Head of Dora Maar), 1936
Pablo Picasso, Woman with arms leves (Head of Dora Maar), 1936
Pablo Picasso, Woman with Hat (Dora Maar), 1938. Oil on canvas, 61,6 x 47,6 cm
Pablo Picasso, Woman with Hat (Dora Maar), 1938. Oil on canvas, 61,6 x 47,6 cm
Pablo Picasso, Woman with Hat Seated in an Armchair (Femme au chapeau assise dans un fauteuil), 1941-42. Oil on canvas, 130,5 x 97,5 cm. Museo National del Prado
Pablo Picasso, Woman with Hat Seated in an Armchair (Femme au chapeau assise dans un fauteuil), 1941-42. Oil on canvas, 130,5 x 97,5 cm. Museo National del Prado
Pablo Picasso, Seated Woman (Dora), 1938. Ink, gouache, and coloured chalk on paper, 76.5 x 56 cm. Fondation Beyeler
Pablo Picasso, Seated Woman (Dora), 1938. Ink, gouache, and coloured chalk on paper, 76.5 x 56 cm. Fondation Beyeler
Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar with disheveled hair, 1938. pencil drawing, 67,5 x 44,5 cm
Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar with disheveled hair, 1938. pencil drawing, 67,5 x 44,5 cm
Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar on the beach, 1936. Oil on canvas, 65 x 54 cm
Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar on the beach, 1936. Oil on canvas, 65 x 54 cm
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1936. Lavis ink, pensil and stomp, 40,5 x 31,5 cm
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1936. Lavis ink, pensil and stomp, 40,5 x 31,5 cm
Pablo Picasso, Figure (Dora Maar), 1945. Oil on canvas, 116 x 89 cn
Pablo Picasso, Figure (Dora Maar), 1945. Oil on canvas, 116 x 89 cn
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1937. Drawing ink and stomp, 40,5 x 31,5 cm
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1937. Drawing ink and stomp, 40,5 x 31,5 cm
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1938. Drawing Graphite pencil, crayons color and partial resumption of strokes in black ink on cardboard, 27 x 21,9 cm. Musée National Picasso, Paris
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1938. Drawing Graphite pencil, crayons color and partial resumption of strokes in black ink on cardboard, 27 x 21,9 cm. Musée National Picasso, Paris
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1939
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1939
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1939. Oil on board, 60 x 45 cm. Museo Nacional Centro de Arte/Reina Sofia, Madrid
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1939. Oil on board, 60 x 45 cm. Museo Nacional Centro de Arte/Reina Sofia, Madrid
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar with a Crown of Flowers, 1937. Pencil, pastel and scratching drawing, 11 1/2 x 9 1/4 inches
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar with a Crown of Flowers, 1937. Pencil, pastel and scratching drawing, 11 1/2 x 9 1/4 inches
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Women (Dora Maar), 1942. Oil on canvas, 99,4 x 80,8 cm
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Women (Dora Maar), 1942. Oil on canvas, 99,4 x 80,8 cm
Pablo Picasso, Woman in green (Dora), 1938. oil on canvas, 130 x 97 cm. Fondation Beyeler
Pablo Picasso, Woman in green (Dora), 1938. oil on canvas, 130 x 97 cm. Fondation Beyeler
Pablo Picasso, Tête de femme No. 6: Portrait de Dora Maar, 1939-42. Aquatint and drypoint in colors
Pablo Picasso, Tête de femme No. 6: Portrait de Dora Maar, 1939-42. Aquatint and drypoint in colors
Pablo Picasso, Weeping Woman (La femme qui pleure), 1937. Oil on canvas, 60 x 50 cm. Tate Modern, London
Pablo Picasso, Weeping Woman (La femme qui pleure), 1937. Oil on canvas, 60 x 50 cm. Tate Modern, London
Pablo Picasso, La femme qui pleure, 1937. Oil on canvas, 55 x 46 cm. Fondation Beyeler
Pablo Picasso, La femme qui pleure, 1937. Oil on canvas, 55 x 46 cm. Fondation Beyeler
Pablo Picasso, La femme qui pleure I, 1937. Drypoint, aquatint, etching and scraper, 68,9 x 49,7 cm
Pablo Picasso, La femme qui pleure I, 1937. Drypoint, aquatint, etching and scraper, 68,9 x 49,7 cm
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1937
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Dora Maar, 1937
Pablo Picasso, Head of Woman (Dora Maar), 1939
Pablo Picasso, Head of Woman (Dora Maar), 1939
Pablo Picasso, Bust of a Woman (Dora Maar), 1938. Oil on canvas, 46 x 38 cm
Pablo Picasso, Bust of a Woman (Dora Maar), 1938. Oil on canvas, 46 x 38 cm
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