An orphan at thirteen, following his father's death and his mother's placement in a mental hospital, Malcolm Little becomes an active member and leader of the Nation of Islam, a movement that believed in black supremacy. A human rights activist, he rapidly appears publicly as a brilliant speaker and as a defender of African-American within a segregated America. He rejects Martin Luther King's non-violent calls and considers himself as a fighter. However, conscious of the racism and harsh discourse delivered by the movement he belongs to, Malcolm X repudiates the Nation of Islam in 1964 and founds the organization of Afro American Unity. In 1965, he is assassinated by three members of the Black Muslim Group in Harlem. An icon for some who saw him as a sacrificed advocate for the rights of blacks, Malcolm X also highlighted an ambiguous personality that enhanced violence and anti-white racism.