Muses

Charlie Hebdo (1969)

In 1960, Professor Choron Bernier and François Cavanna launched a monthly magazine entitled Hara-Kiri that included Roland Topr, Fred, Jean-Marc Reiser, Georges Wolinski, Gébé and Cabu. Willingly « dumb and nasty », the accusation becomes their official slogan. In 1969, the team launched a weekly publication on top of the monthly one. But to sidestep its 1970 ban due to an offending cover referring to ex- French President de Gaulle’s death, it changed its name into Charlie Hebdo (both a hint to Schulz’s Charlie Brown and Charles de Gaulle). With its garish front-page cartoons and incendiary headlines, it became an unmissable staple of newspaper kiosks and railway station booksellers. But still, it didn’t sell enough and, in 1981, the magazine folded. It was resurrected in 1992. Since then, its editors in chief have been Philippe Val and Charb. Charlie Hebdo have always combined left-wing radicalism with a provocative scurrility that often borders on the obscene. Its decision to mock the Prophet Muhammad in 2011 was entirely consistent with its historic raison d'etre. In spite of the threats and the trials, it kept on mocking religious fundamentalism. It experienced two terrorist attacks, in 2011 and in 2015. In the latter of these islamist attacks, on January, 7, 2015, twelve people were killed during the weekly editorial meeting, including Charb, Cabu, Tignous, Wolinski, as well as French economist Bernard Maris. Out of this crime, a new slogan came out to express compassion and solidarity with the magazine, saying « I am Charlie ».

Charlie Hebo cover by Gébé, April 1971
Charlie Hebo cover by Gébé, April 1971
Charlie Hedbo cover by Cabu, April 1972
Charlie Hedbo cover by Cabu, April 1972
Charlie Hebdo cover by Gébé, April 1973
Charlie Hebdo cover by Gébé, April 1973
Charlie Hebdo cover by Wolinski, August 1975
Charlie Hebdo cover by Wolinski, August 1975
Charlie Hebdo cover by Cabu, August 1979
Charlie Hebdo cover by Cabu, August 1979
Professor Choron (Georges Bernier) in a television set for the filming of Les Raisins Verts, 1960s
Professor Choron (Georges Bernier) in a television set for the filming of Les Raisins Verts, 1960s
Bernard Maris by Christophe Beauregard, April 2007
Bernard Maris by Christophe Beauregard, April 2007
Cabu by Abbas, 1983
Cabu by Abbas, 1983
Cabu by Eric Robert, 1995
Cabu by Eric Robert, 1995
Cabu by Eric Robert, 1995
Cabu by Eric Robert, 1995
Cabu by Eric Robert, 1995
Cabu by Eric Robert, 1995
Cabu by Ferdinando Scianna, 1983
Cabu by Ferdinando Scianna, 1983
Cabu by Ferdinando Scianna, 1983
Cabu by Ferdinando Scianna, 1983
Cabu by Ferdinando Scianna, 1983
Cabu by Ferdinando Scianna, 1983
Cabu by Jean Gaumy, 1983
Cabu by Jean Gaumy, 1983
Cabu by Jean Gaumy, 1983
Cabu by Jean Gaumy, 1983
Cabu in central prison of Poissy by Jean Gaumy, 1983
Cabu in central prison of Poissy by Jean Gaumy, 1983
Cabu by Martine Frank, 1983
Cabu by Martine Frank, 1983
Cabu by Sophie Bassouls, 1990
Cabu by Sophie Bassouls, 1990
Cabu by Sophie Bassouls, 1990
Cabu by Sophie Bassouls, 1990
Cabu in central prison of Poissy by Jean Gaumy, 1983
Cabu in central prison of Poissy by Jean Gaumy, 1983
Charb (Stéphane Charbonnier) by Tomas van Houtryve, 2013
Charb (Stéphane Charbonnier) by Tomas van Houtryve, 2013
Charb (Stéphane Charbonnier) by Tomas van Houtryve, January 2013
Charb (Stéphane Charbonnier) by Tomas van Houtryve, January 2013
Charb (Stéphane Charbonnier) by Tomas van Houtryve, January 2013
Charb (Stéphane Charbonnier) by Tomas van Houtryve, January 2013
Charb by Yoan Valat, September 2012
Charb by Yoan Valat, September 2012
Charlie Hebdo cover by Luz, November 2011
Charlie Hebdo cover by Luz, November 2011
Charlie Hebdo cover by Charb, March 2013
Charlie Hebdo cover by Charb, March 2013
Charlie Hebdo cover by Reiser, December 1970
Charlie Hebdo cover by Reiser, December 1970
Charlie Hebdo cover by Cabu, December 1973
Charlie Hebdo cover by Cabu, December 1973
Charlie Hebdo cover by Catherine, December 2011
Charlie Hebdo cover by Catherine, December 2011
Charlie Hebdo cover by Riss, December 2014
Charlie Hebdo cover by Riss, December 2014
Charlie Hebdo cover by Gébé, February 1977
Charlie Hebdo cover by Gébé, February 1977
Charlie Hebdo cover by Cabu, February 2006
Charlie Hebdo cover by Cabu, February 2006
Charlie Hebdo cover by Cabu, February 2007
Charlie Hebdo cover by Cabu, February 2007
Francis Blanche by Raymond Depardon, 1967
Francis Blanche by Raymond Depardon, 1967
François Cavanna & Professeur Chroron (Georges Bernier), 2000s
François Cavanna & Professeur Chroron (Georges Bernier), 2000s
François Cavanna by Annemiek Veldman, 1970s
François Cavanna by Annemiek Veldman, 1970s
Francois Cavanna sits upon Bokassa throne during the party celebrating the 20th anniversary of magazine Hara Kiri, created by Cavanna and Professor Choron, December 1979. Photo by Michel Philippot
Francois Cavanna sits upon Bokassa throne during the party celebrating the 20th anniversary of magazine Hara Kiri, created by Cavanna and Professor Choron, December 1979. Photo by Michel Philippot
François Cavanna, Georges Wolinski and Cabu during 61st Cannes Film Festival by Stéphane Reix, May 2008
François Cavanna, Georges Wolinski and Cabu during 61st Cannes Film Festival by Stéphane Reix, May 2008
François Cavanna, Georges Wolinski, Jean-Marc Reiser and Gébé on the set of  Vive les Femmes directed by Claude Confortès, 1983. Photo by William Karel
François Cavanna, Georges Wolinski, Jean-Marc Reiser and Gébé on the set of Vive les Femmes directed by Claude Confortès, 1983. Photo by William Karel
Portrait of François Cavanna
Portrait of François Cavanna
Gébé (Georges Blondeau) by Sophie Bassouls, February 1982
Gébé (Georges Blondeau) by Sophie Bassouls, February 1982
Wolinski by Georges Pierre, January 1984
Wolinski by Georges Pierre, January 1984
Wolinski by Martine Frank, 1988
Wolinski by Martine Frank, 1988
Wolinski by Pierre Vauthey, 1960
Wolinski by Pierre Vauthey, 1960
Wolinski by Pierre Vauthey, 1960
Wolinski by Pierre Vauthey, 1960
Wolinski by Pierre Vauthey, 1960
Wolinski by Pierre Vauthey, 1960
Georges Wolinski by Sergio Gaudenti
Georges Wolinski by Sergio Gaudenti
Georges Wolinski during 61st Cannes Film Festival, by Stéphane Reix, Lay 2008
Georges Wolinski during 61st Cannes Film Festival, by Stéphane Reix, Lay 2008
Hara Kiri cover, April 1968
Hara Kiri cover, April 1968
Hara Kiri cover, August 1965
Hara Kiri cover, August 1965
Hara Kiri cover, January 1973
Hara Kiri cover, January 1973
Hara Kiri cover, June 1961
Hara Kiri cover, June 1961
Hara Kiri cover, October 1967
Hara Kiri cover, October 1967
Hara Kiri cover, October 1968
Hara Kiri cover, October 1968
Hara Kiri
Hara Kiri
Jacques Dutronc and Professor Choron by Thomas Dutronc, 1993
Jacques Dutronc and Professor Choron by Thomas Dutronc, 1993
Jacques Tardi by Jean Gaumy, 1999
Jacques Tardi by Jean Gaumy, 1999
Jacques Tardi by Jean Gaumy, 1999
Jacques Tardi by Jean Gaumy, 1999
Jacques Tardi by Pascal Baril, 1990
Jacques Tardi by Pascal Baril, 1990
Charlie Hebdo cover by Charb, January 2011
Charlie Hebdo cover by Charb, January 2011
Charlie Hebdo cover by Honoré, January 2014
Charlie Hebdo cover by Honoré, January 2014
Charlie Hebdo cover by Riss, July 2013
Charlie Hebdo cover by Riss, July 2013
Charlie Hebdo cover by Gébé, June 1975
Charlie Hebdo cover by Gébé, June 1975
Charlie Hebdo cover by Catherine, June 2013
Charlie Hebdo cover by Catherine, June 2013
Charlie Hebdo cover by Wolinski, March 1971
Charlie Hebdo cover by Wolinski, March 1971
Charlie Hebdo cover by Wolinski, March 1972
Charlie Hebdo cover by Wolinski, March 1972
Charlie Hebdo cover by Reiser, March 1975
Charlie Hebdo cover by Reiser, March 1975
Charlie Hebdo cover by Luz, March 2013
Charlie Hebdo cover by Luz, March 2013
Charlie Hebdo cover by Gébé, May 1971
Charlie Hebdo cover by Gébé, May 1971
Charlie Hebdo cover by Wolinski, May 1975
Charlie Hebdo cover by Wolinski, May 1975
Meeting of Charlie Hebdo by Patrick Zachmann, 1997
Meeting of Charlie Hebdo by Patrick Zachmann, 1997
Charlie Hebdo cover by Gébé, November 1973
Charlie Hebdo cover by Gébé, November 1973
Charlie Hebdo cover by Luz, November 2011
Charlie Hebdo cover by Luz, November 2011
Philippe Val by Stéphane Reix, 2008
Philippe Val by Stéphane Reix, 2008
Charlie Hebdo cover by Reiser, October 1979
Charlie Hebdo cover by Reiser, October 1979
Charlie Hebdo cover by Riss, October 2012
Charlie Hebdo cover by Riss, October 2012
Charlie Hebdo cover by Charb, October 2010
Charlie Hebdo cover by Charb, October 2010
Philippe Alfonsi and Pesnaud, creators of the TV documentary
Philippe Alfonsi and Pesnaud, creators of the TV documentary "La vie en face" with Cabu, 1983. Photo by Jean Gaumy
Professor Choron (Georges Bernier) by Eric Fougere, February 2000
Professor Choron (Georges Bernier) by Eric Fougere, February 2000
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