Muses

Dada

The 23rd June 1916, at the Cabaret Voltaire, in Zurich, a man, Hugo Ball, clad in a bizarre ‘cubist’ costume, climbs on stage and recites an incomprehensible poem that nonetheless makes the whole room laugh hysterically: Dada was born. While thousands of men are fighting and dying in the First World War’s trenches, a group of individuals decides to reject traditional society and art as Tristan Tzara reveals: ‘We need strong, straight and precise artworks, for ever ill appreciated.’ Behind the gag-like aspect of the project, there is a real aim to accuse the war, responsible for the collapse of civilisations and culture. Celebrating a complete freedom of art, the Dada, should it be Hans Arp, Francis Picabia or Man Ray, creates and deconstructs playful and ironic pieces that reject common aesthetic standards. The extravagant and strong personalities that compose the Dada group soon establish themselves and their ideas outside Europe and in particular, New York where Marcel Duchamp impresses audiences with his Fountain. Obviously, Dada has its ennemies that reject their anarchy as well as their liberated creativity and lifestyles but the movement managed to overcome critics and even when it ceased, it lived on thanks to the Surrealism and all those revering eccentricity.
 

Tags / Dada - Tribes - Muses - Eccentricity - Art - Politics - 1910s - Scandal
Marcel Janco, 1920s
Marcel Janco, 1920s
Francis Picabia by Man Ray, 1921
Francis Picabia by Man Ray, 1921
Hannah Höch with one of her Dada dolls, c. 1925
Hannah Höch with one of her Dada dolls, c. 1925
Raoul Hausmann, Hedwig Mankiewitz und Vera Broïdo by August Sander, 1929
Raoul Hausmann, Hedwig Mankiewitz und Vera Broïdo by August Sander, 1929
Sophie Taeuber-Arp's set design for König Hirsch (The Stag King), 1918. Photo by E.Linck
Sophie Taeuber-Arp's set design for König Hirsch (The Stag King), 1918. Photo by E.Linck
Sophie Taeuber-Arp dancing with a mask by Marcel Jonco, most likely at the Cabaret Voltaire, Zürich, 1916-1917
Sophie Taeuber-Arp dancing with a mask by Marcel Jonco, most likely at the Cabaret Voltaire, Zürich, 1916-1917
André Breton at the Dada Festival Wearing a Target designed by Francis Picabia for his theatre production “Festival Manifeste Presbyte”, 1920
André Breton at the Dada Festival Wearing a Target designed by Francis Picabia for his theatre production “Festival Manifeste Presbyte”, 1920
Kurt Schwitters by El Lissitzky, 1924
Kurt Schwitters by El Lissitzky, 1924
Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Ascona, 1925
Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Ascona, 1925
Ezra Pound, Tristan Tzara, Man Ray, Kiki Ray, Mina Loy, Jane Heap, Jean Cocteau, Martha Dennison and others in front of the Jockey Club of Paris, 1923
Ezra Pound, Tristan Tzara, Man Ray, Kiki Ray, Mina Loy, Jane Heap, Jean Cocteau, Martha Dennison and others in front of the Jockey Club of Paris, 1923
Hannah Höch and her puppets, Berlin, First international Dada Fair, 1920
Hannah Höch and her puppets, Berlin, First international Dada Fair, 1920
Serge Charchoune by Man Ray, c. 1922
Serge Charchoune by Man Ray, c. 1922
Francis Picabia by Man Ray, c. 1925
Francis Picabia by Man Ray, c. 1925
Participants at the International Congress of Constructivists and Dadaists, Weimar, Germany, 1922; left to right: Kurt Schwitters, Hans Arp, Max Burchartz, Lotte Burchartz, Hans Richter, Nelly van Doesburg, Cornelis van Eesteren, Theo van Doesburg, Peter Röhl, Alexa Röhl, Werner Graeff
Participants at the International Congress of Constructivists and Dadaists, Weimar, Germany, 1922; left to right: Kurt Schwitters, Hans Arp, Max Burchartz, Lotte Burchartz, Hans Richter, Nelly van Doesburg, Cornelis van Eesteren, Theo van Doesburg, Peter Röhl, Alexa Röhl, Werner Graeff
Nelly van Doesburg, Piet Mondrian and Hannah Höch, Paris, 1924
Nelly van Doesburg, Piet Mondrian and Hannah Höch, Paris, 1924
Emmy Hennings, 1917
Emmy Hennings, 1917
The Gas Heart by Tristan Tzara Costumes designed by Sonia Delaunay, Théâtre Michel, Paris, July 6-7, 1923
The Gas Heart by Tristan Tzara Costumes designed by Sonia Delaunay, Théâtre Michel, Paris, July 6-7, 1923
Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Scenes from the marionette play King Stag, 1918
Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Scenes from the marionette play King Stag, 1918
Hannah Höch in Gotha, 1917
Hannah Höch in Gotha, 1917
Wieland Herzfeld examining Otto Dix’s Moveable Figure Picture at the First International Dada Fair, Berlin 1920
Wieland Herzfeld examining Otto Dix’s Moveable Figure Picture at the First International Dada Fair, Berlin 1920
Marcel Duchamp by Man Ray, 1920
Marcel Duchamp by Man Ray, 1920
Kurt Schwitters by Man Ray, 1936
Kurt Schwitters by Man Ray, 1936
Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Ascona, 1925
Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Ascona, 1925
Marcel Duchamp with Rotary Glass Plates Machine (in Motion) by Man Ray, 1920
Marcel Duchamp with Rotary Glass Plates Machine (in Motion) by Man Ray, 1920
Emmy Hennings, 1910s
Emmy Hennings, 1910s
First International Dada Fair, Otto Burchard Gallery, Berlin 1920
First International Dada Fair, Otto Burchard Gallery, Berlin 1920
Sonia Delaunay and Sophie Taeuber-Arp, in Carnac, 1929
Sonia Delaunay and Sophie Taeuber-Arp, in Carnac, 1929
Hans (Jean) Arp by El Lissitzky, 1924
Hans (Jean) Arp by El Lissitzky, 1924
Emmy Hennings, 1920s
Emmy Hennings, 1920s
Max Ernst, Punching Ball or the Immortality of Buonarroti (Self-Portrait), 1920
Max Ernst, Punching Ball or the Immortality of Buonarroti (Self-Portrait), 1920
Hugo Ball Reciting the Sound Poem, Karawane at the Cabaret Voltaire, Zurich, 1916
Hugo Ball Reciting the Sound Poem, Karawane at the Cabaret Voltaire, Zurich, 1916
Hannah Höch, Self-portrait, 1930
Hannah Höch, Self-portrait, 1930
Hans Arp at the home of Georges Ritleng, Straßburg, c. 1906-1907
Hans Arp at the home of Georges Ritleng, Straßburg, c. 1906-1907
Hans Arp, Tristan Tzara and Hans Richter, Zurich' 1918
Hans Arp, Tristan Tzara and Hans Richter, Zurich' 1918
Inventor and Dadaist Raoul Hausmann, by August Sander 1929
Inventor and Dadaist Raoul Hausmann, by August Sander 1929
Hans Arp with Navel-Monocle, c.1926
Hans Arp with Navel-Monocle, c.1926
Hugo Ball,1916
Hugo Ball,1916
Hugo Ball with Emmy Hennings, 1916-1917
Hugo Ball with Emmy Hennings, 1916-1917
Hans Arp in project headquarters of the Aubette, Strasbourg, 1926
Hans Arp in project headquarters of the Aubette, Strasbourg, 1926
Marcel Duchamp by Man Ray, 1920
Marcel Duchamp by Man Ray, 1920
Three Heads (Joseph Stella and Marcel Duchamp, painting bust portrait of Man Ray above Duchamp) by Man Ray, 1920
Three Heads (Joseph Stella and Marcel Duchamp, painting bust portrait of Man Ray above Duchamp) by Man Ray, 1920
Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1920
Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1920
Rose Selavy (Marcel Duchamp) by Man Ray, 1921
Rose Selavy (Marcel Duchamp) by Man Ray, 1921
Tristan Tzara by André Kertész, 1926
Tristan Tzara by André Kertész, 1926
Emmy Hennings, 1918
Emmy Hennings, 1918
Salon Dada, Paris, Galerie Montaigne, 6-30 June 1921
Salon Dada, Paris, Galerie Montaigne, 6-30 June 1921
Raoul Hausmann, Dada photo (with Hausmann and Johannes Baader), 1919
Raoul Hausmann, Dada photo (with Hausmann and Johannes Baader), 1919
First International Dada Fair, Galerie Buchard, Berlin, 1920
First International Dada Fair, Galerie Buchard, Berlin, 1920
Salon Dada, Paris, Galerie Montaigne, 6-30 June 1921
Salon Dada, Paris, Galerie Montaigne, 6-30 June 1921
Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1921
Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1921
Marcel Duchamp, Constantin Brancusi, Tristan Tzara with Man Ray in Brancusi’s studio by Constantin Brancusi, 1921
Marcel Duchamp, Constantin Brancusi, Tristan Tzara with Man Ray in Brancusi’s studio by Constantin Brancusi, 1921
Raoul Hausmann and Hannah Höch at the First International Dada Fair, Otto Burchard Gallery, Berlin, June 30, 1920. Photo by Robert Sennecke
Raoul Hausmann and Hannah Höch at the First International Dada Fair, Otto Burchard Gallery, Berlin, June 30, 1920. Photo by Robert Sennecke
Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Self-Portrait with Dada-Kopf, 1920
Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Self-Portrait with Dada-Kopf, 1920
Raoul Hausmann by August Sander, 1927-28
Raoul Hausmann by August Sander, 1927-28
Hannah Höch with the puppets representing her daughters Pax and Botta by Willy Roemer, ca. 1920
Hannah Höch with the puppets representing her daughters Pax and Botta by Willy Roemer, ca. 1920
Sophie Taeuber-Arp, with her Dada dance costume, Ascona, 1925
Sophie Taeuber-Arp, with her Dada dance costume, Ascona, 1925
Man Ray, Ciné-sketch, Adam, Eve: Marcel Duchamp, Brogna Perlmutter-Clair, 1924
Man Ray, Ciné-sketch, Adam, Eve: Marcel Duchamp, Brogna Perlmutter-Clair, 1924
Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1922
Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1922
Hans Arp und Sophie Taeuber-Arp, 1919
Hans Arp und Sophie Taeuber-Arp, 1919
Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Self-Portrait with Dada-Kopf, 1920
Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Self-Portrait with Dada-Kopf, 1920
Sophie Taeuber-Arp and her sister Erika Taeuber, Hopi Kachina costumes, 1921-1922 
Sophie Taeuber-Arp and her sister Erika Taeuber, Hopi Kachina costumes, 1921-1922 
Sophie Taeuber and Hans Arp in front of marionettes Taeuber made for Carlo Gozzi's König Hirsch, Zurich, 1918
Sophie Taeuber and Hans Arp in front of marionettes Taeuber made for Carlo Gozzi's König Hirsch, Zurich, 1918
Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1924
Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1924
Tristan Tzara and René Crevel by Man Ray, 1928
Tristan Tzara and René Crevel by Man Ray, 1928
Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1921
Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1921
Jean Cocteau and Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1924
Jean Cocteau and Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1924
Tristan Tzara reading to the crowd at St. Julien le Pauvre church, Paris, 1921
Tristan Tzara reading to the crowd at St. Julien le Pauvre church, Paris, 1921
The Constructivist and Dadaist congress in Weimar, 1922
The Constructivist and Dadaist congress in Weimar, 1922
Rose Selavy (Marcel Duchamp) by Man Ray, 1921
Rose Selavy (Marcel Duchamp) by Man Ray, 1921
Marcel Duchamp, Atelier de Duchamp (Duchamp’s studio), 1917
Marcel Duchamp, Atelier de Duchamp (Duchamp’s studio), 1917
Jean Cocteau and Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1924
Jean Cocteau and Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1924
Kurt Schwitters, Jean Arp, Max Burchartz, Mme Burchartz, Hans Richter, Nelly van Doesburg, Cornelius van Eesheren and Theo van Doesburg, Weimar, 1922
Kurt Schwitters, Jean Arp, Max Burchartz, Mme Burchartz, Hans Richter, Nelly van Doesburg, Cornelius van Eesheren and Theo van Doesburg, Weimar, 1922
Hans Richter by Man Ray, 1928
Hans Richter by Man Ray, 1928
The First International Dada Fair, Berlin, 1920
The First International Dada Fair, Berlin, 1920
Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1920
Tristan Tzara by Man Ray, 1920
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