Amedeo Clemente Modigliani was born in a wealthy and cultivated family of Livorno and began his artistic studies in Italy. Practicing both painting and sculpture, he pursued his career for the most part in France where he moved in 1907 and where he died. A friend of Picasso, Soutine and Van Dongen, he belonged to the first Ecole of Paris which was mostly based in the Parisian districts of Montmatre and Montparnasse. Influenced by primitive art (his blind eyed and elongated faces recall African masks), Toulouse-Lautrec and Constantin Brancusi, Modigliani became a landmark in Parisian Bohemian lifestyle and a real artistic standard in portraying from 1914. He married Jeanne Hébuterne in 1918 who happened to soothe his tormented temper but a heavy drunker and e drug addict, Modigliani died of tubercular meningitis two years later. Desperate, Jeanne committed suicide the very day after. Awfully poor during his lifetime, his works achieved very high prices after his death. When he was 11 years of age, Amedeo’s mother had noted in her diary: "The child's character is still so unformed that I cannot say what I think of it. He behaves like a spoiled child, but he does not lack intelligence. We shall have to wait and see what is inside this chrysalis. Perhaps an artist?"