Born and brought up in Germany, Hans Bellmer studied drawing alongside Berlin’s Dada community before, eager to fight against Nazism, he began to construct a grotesque object, an erotic and dislocated doll, in 1933. Escaping Berlin, Hans Bellmer settled in Paris where he joined the Surrealist group and pursued his research on the ‘anatomy of erotic desire’. He built further dolls he photographed - violent and sexual photographies published as well as exposed and that shocked most audiences. Hans Bellmer delivered a new reflection on the body, completely objectified, while he introduced an innovative definition of the art work that now combined sculpture, photography and drawing. The suffering violated Doll and its representations evoked religious martyrdoms and German expressionist art. Beyond the rebellious anti-Nazi spirit that may have dictated the first creation of the Doll, it is mainly a disturbing object at the apex of contradictory concepts: melancholy and desire, cruelty and sensuality as well as attraction and repulsion. An inspiring fetish to most Surrealists, it escaped social and artistic norms to become a hybrid and polymorphic malleable phenomenon.