Photography

Man Ray (1880 - 1976)

Brought up in Brooklyn, Emmanuel Radnitsky adopted the pseudonym Man Ray in 1909 and as a regular visitor of Alfred Stieglitz’s gallery, 291, became acquainted to European contemporary art and avant-garde photography. The Dada movement that took birth in Zurich, in 1916, found an echo beyond the Atlantic Ocean where Man Ray, probably influenced by Francis Picabia’s visit the same year, in the city, became the prominent figure of the Avant-Garde, also entitled Dada. When he settled in Paris, in 1921, he promptly turned into an influential member of  the Dada and Surrealist groups within which he collaborated with Jean Cocteau, André Breton, Salvador Dali or Max Ernst. In 1922, he began experimenting his very own version of photograms that he called rayographs - camera-less images made of everyday objects that Surrealists dislodged from their initial contexts. His art practice spanning painting, sculpture, prints and poetry, Man Ray also contributed to the aesthetic of avant-garde films in the same way as Luis Bunuel and Hans Richter while his photography inspired Maurice Tabard or Brassaï. He successfully navigated between commercial and fine art - establishing such iconic pictures as his Violin d’Ingres featuring Kiki de Montparnasse while working as a conceptual fashion photographer for Vogue and Harpers Bazaar. At a time when machinery and innovation were seen as the allies of progress, speed and technology, Man Ray’s technique served fantasy.

Man Ray, Madame Errázuriz, with Count de Beaumont, Paris, 1925
Man Ray, Madame Errázuriz, with Count de Beaumont, Paris, 1925
Man Ray, Marcel Duchamp and Raoul de Roussy de Sales Playing Chess, 1925
Man Ray, Marcel Duchamp and Raoul de Roussy de Sales Playing Chess, 1925
Man Ray, Untitled, Paris, c. 1930
Man Ray, Untitled, Paris, c. 1930
Man Ray, Meret Oppenheim, 1935
Man Ray, Meret Oppenheim, 1935
Man Ray, End of the Christian era, 1925
Man Ray, End of the Christian era, 1925
Man Ray, Marcel Duchamp and the rotary glass plates, 1920
Man Ray, Marcel Duchamp and the rotary glass plates, 1920
Man Ray, Untitled, ca. 1929
Man Ray, Untitled, ca. 1929
Man Ray, Élevage de poussières, 1920-1971
Man Ray, Élevage de poussières, 1920-1971
Man Ray, Untitled, 1959
Man Ray, Untitled, 1959
Man Ray, La marquise Casati, 1935
Man Ray, La marquise Casati, 1935
Man Ray, Mannequin on Staircase, ca. 1930
Man Ray, Mannequin on Staircase, ca. 1930
Man Ray, Mannequin on Balcony, ca. 1930
Man Ray, Mannequin on Balcony, ca. 1930
Man Ray, Meret Oppenheim, 1932
Man Ray, Meret Oppenheim, 1932
Man Ray, Érotique voilée, 1933
Man Ray, Érotique voilée, 1933
Man Ray, Female Nude Study, c.1930
Man Ray, Female Nude Study, c.1930
Man Ray, Portrait of Meret Oppenheim, 1932
Man Ray, Portrait of Meret Oppenheim, 1932
Man Ray, Nusch Eluard, Nude, 1935
Man Ray, <>Nusch Eluard, Nude, 1935
Man Ray, Portrait of a Woman, c.1940
Man Ray, Portrait of a Woman, c.1940
Man Ray, Feather and Matchboxes, 1923
Man Ray, Feather and Matchboxes, 1923
Man Ray, Untitled (Rayograph), 1922
Man Ray, Untitled (Rayograph), 1922
Man Ray, Le Violon d'Ingres, 1924
Man Ray, Le Violon d'Ingres, 1924
Man Ray, Marquise Casati, 1922
Man Ray, Marquise Casati, 1922
Man Ray, Electricity (Lee Miller with photograms of ribbons representing electric current ), 1931
Man Ray, Electricity (Lee Miller with photograms of ribbons representing electric current ), 1931
Man Ray, Observatory Time - The Lovers, 1934
Man Ray, Observatory Time - The Lovers, 1934
Man Ray, Electricity - Bathroom, 1931
Man Ray, Electricity - Bathroom, 1931
Man Ray, Filmstrips with Kiki, 1922
Man Ray, Filmstrips with Kiki, 1922
Man Ray, Interior, 1932
Man Ray, Interior, 1932
Man Ray, The Prayer, 1930
Man Ray, The Prayer, 1930
Man Ray, Tears, 1930-1932
Man Ray, Tears, 1930-1932
Man Ray, Natasha, 1929
Man Ray, Natasha, 1929
Man Ray, The Veil, 1930
Man Ray, The Veil, 1930
Man Ray, Untitled, 1931
Man Ray, Untitled, 1931
Man Ray, The World, 1931
Man Ray, The World, 1931
Man Ray, Untitled Rayograph, c. 1920-1929
Man Ray, Untitled Rayograph, c. 1920-1929
Man Ray, Torso, 1923
Man Ray, Torso, 1923
Man Ray, Woman smoking a cigarette, 1920
Man Ray, Woman smoking a cigarette, 1920
Man Reay, Jean Cocteau, 1928
Man Reay, Jean Cocteau, 1928
Man Reay, Jean Cocteau, 1928
Man Reay, Jean Cocteau, 1928
Man Ray, Lee Miller, 1930
Man Ray, Lee Miller, 1930
Man Ray, André Breton, 1924
Man Ray, André Breton, 1924
Man Ray, Juliette Greco, 1956
Man Ray, Juliette Greco, 1956
Man Ray, Marcel Duchamps
Man Ray, Marcel Duchamps "Space Writting", 1937
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