Muses

Nusch Éluard (1906 - 1946)

Following her acting career in Berlin during the 1920s, Maria Benz settles in Paris where she meets Paul Eluard in the street who has just separated from his wife Gala who has left for Salvador Dali. A muse to the Surrealist movement to whom her lover belongs, she is the subject of sensual nude photographies by Man Ray and the key inspiration to Paul Eluard's poems. The couple marries in 1934. During the 1930s, Pablo Picasso becomes a close friend of the Eluards and the painter often depicts Nusch while it is strongly believed they both went on a romantic affair, approved by Paul Eluard who seemed to appreciate the concept of ménage-à-trois, having previously 'lent' his first wife, Gala to Max Ernst. Nusch Eluard incarnated with her husband an iconic couple of the Surrealist movement but she also embodied the image of an independent, unconventional and highly erotic woman who created an art of her own with her eccentric collages and left a whole group of artists broken with her sudden death. Hopefully, Paul Eluard's words revive the enlivening muse:'Et plus je te voyais vivre à côté de moi - Plus je te confondais avec l'aube et l'été'.

Tags / Nusch Eluard - Muses - It Women - 1930s - Art - Eccentric - Inspiration
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard,  1936
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, 1936
Man Ray, Portrait of Paul and Nusch Eluard, 1936
Man Ray, Portrait of Paul and Nusch Eluard, 1936
Sir Roland Penrose, Ady Fidelin, Lee Miller and Nusch Eluard, Lambe Creek © Roland Penrose Estate. All rights reserved.
Sir Roland Penrose, Ady Fidelin, Lee Miller and Nusch Eluard, Lambe Creek © Roland Penrose Estate. All rights reserved.
Sir Roland Penrose, Nusch Eluard, swimming 1937 © Roland Penrose Estate. All rights reserved.
Sir Roland Penrose, Nusch Eluard, swimming 1937 © Roland Penrose Estate. All rights reserved.
Man Ray, portrait of Nusch Eluard, 1931
Man Ray, portrait of Nusch Eluard, 1931
Pablo Picasso, Tête de Femme, Nusch Eluard, 1937, Oil on Canvas 71,5 x 63 cm, Berlin
Pablo Picasso, Tête de Femme, Nusch Eluard, 1937, Oil on Canvas 71,5 x 63 cm, Berlin
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Nusch Eluard,1937 , Oil on Canvas 92 x 65,2 Musée Picasso, Paris
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Nusch Eluard,1937 , Oil on Canvas 92 x 65,2 Musée Picasso, Paris
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Mme paul Eluard, 1941, Oil on canvas, 73 x 60 cm  © Centre Pompidou, MNAM Paris
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Mme paul Eluard, 1941, Oil on canvas, 73 x 60 cm © Centre Pompidou, MNAM Paris
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, 1938, Oil on canvas
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, 1938, Oil on canvas
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard,  1931
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, 1931
Man Ray,  Ady  and Nusch, 1937, Ady  Fidelin and Nusch Eluard
Man Ray, Ady and Nusch, 1937, Ady Fidelin and Nusch Eluard
Nush, Paul Eluard, Ady et Man Ray, 1936
Nush, Paul Eluard, Ady et Man Ray, 1936
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, 1935
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, 1935
Man Ray, Portrait de Paul Eluard, avec Nusch, à Montlignon. 1936.
Man Ray, Portrait de Paul Eluard, avec Nusch, à Montlignon. 1936.
Man Ray, Nusch au Miroir, 1935
Man Ray, Nusch au Miroir, 1935
Man Ray,  Ady  and Nusch, 1937
Man Ray, Ady and Nusch, 1937
Pablo Picasso, Nusch Eluard, 1938, Oil on canvas
Pablo Picasso, Nusch Eluard, 1938, Oil on canvas
Facile. poems by Paul Eluard, photographs by Man Ray, with inside 11 photographs of Nusch, 1935
Facile. poems by Paul Eluard, photographs by Man Ray, with inside 11 photographs of Nusch, 1935
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, photograph for FACILE poem's book by Paul Eluard
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, photograph for FACILE poem's book by Paul Eluard
 Dora Maar, Portrait de Nusch éluard couchée a plat ventre sur la plage - 1936 ou 1937
Dora Maar, Portrait de Nusch éluard couchée a plat ventre sur la plage - 1936 ou 1937
Dora Maar, Portrait fo Nusch Eluard, 1935
Dora Maar, Portrait fo Nusch Eluard, 1935
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, photograph for FACILE poem's book by Paul Eluard
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, photograph for FACILE poem's book by Paul Eluard
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, photograph for FACILE poem's book by Paul Eluard
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, photograph for FACILE poem's book by Paul Eluard
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, photograph for FACILE poem's book by Paul Eluard
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, photograph for FACILE poem's book by Paul Eluard
Anonymous, Salvador Dali, Gala, Paul Eluard, Nusch in Port Ligat, 1931
Anonymous, Salvador Dali, Gala, Paul Eluard, Nusch in Port Ligat, 1931
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch, 1934
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch, 1934
Man Ray, Nush Eluard, Nu, 1935
Man Ray, Nush Eluard, Nu, 1935
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard,  1931
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, 1931
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch and Paul  Eluard, 1931
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch and Paul Eluard, 1931
Dora Maar, Nusch Eluard, 1935
Dora Maar, Nusch Eluard, 1935
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard ,1935.  Photographie réalisée lors du tournage du film de Man Ray : Essai de simulation du délire cinémathographique.
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard ,1935. Photographie réalisée lors du tournage du film de Man Ray : Essai de simulation du délire cinémathographique.
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard ,1935
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard ,1935
Man Ray, Sonia Mossé and Nusch Eluard 1936
Man Ray, Sonia Mossé and Nusch Eluard 1936
Nusch Eluard, Photocollage, 1936
Nusch Eluard, Photocollage, 1936
Nusch Eluard, Untitled (Woman with Skull),  Photocollage 1935
Nusch Eluard, Untitled (Woman with Skull), Photocollage 1935
Roland Penrose, Paul, Nusch Éluard et Lee Miller,1937
Roland Penrose, Paul, Nusch Éluard et Lee Miller,1937
Man Ray, Paul, Nusch Eulard and Ady Fidelin 1930's
Man Ray, Paul, Nusch Eulard and Ady Fidelin 1930's
Nusch Eluard, Cadavre exquis , Valentine Hugo, André Breton et Paul Eluard, 1930
Nusch Eluard, Cadavre exquis , Valentine Hugo, André Breton et Paul Eluard, 1930
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, 1934
Man Ray, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, 1934
Dora Maar, Nusch Eluard, 1937
Dora Maar, Nusch Eluard, 1937
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, 1938
Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Nusch Eluard, 1938
Paul and Nusch Eluard
Paul and Nusch Eluard
Man Ray, Nusch au Miroir, 1935
Man Ray, Nusch au Miroir, 1935
Dora Maar, Paul and Nusch Eluard, Mougins, 1937
Dora Maar, Paul and Nusch Eluard, Mougins, 1937
Man Ray, Sonia Mossé and Nusch Eluard, 1936
Man Ray, Sonia Mossé and Nusch Eluard, 1936
Didier Desroches , LE TEMPS DÉBORDE. Paris, Cahiers d'Art, 1947, photographs by Man RayThis book of Paul Éluard was published (under the pseudonym of Didier Desroches) several months after the very sudden death of Nusch, 28 Nov. 1946
Didier Desroches , LE TEMPS DÉBORDE. Paris, Cahiers d'Art, 1947, photographs by Man RayThis book of Paul Éluard was published (under the pseudonym of Didier Desroches) several months after the very sudden death of Nusch, 28 Nov. 1946
Man Ray, Nusch Eluard, phtograph for Facile by Paul Eluard
Man Ray, Nusch Eluard, phtograph for Facile by Paul Eluard
Lee Miller, Portrait of Paul and Nusch Eluard, 1930
Lee Miller, Portrait of Paul and Nusch Eluard, 1930
Anonymous, Nusch Eluard, 1936
Anonymous, Nusch Eluard, 1936
Lee Miller, Nusch Eluard, by the side of a car, Mougins, 1937
Lee Miller, Nusch Eluard, by the side of a car, Mougins, 1937
Anonymous, Paul and Nusch Eluard, 1944
Anonymous, Paul and Nusch Eluard, 1944
Lee Miller, Nusch Eluard, 1937
Lee Miller, Nusch Eluard, 1937
Dora Maar, Les années vous guettent (Nusch Eluard), 1932
Dora Maar, Les années vous guettent (Nusch Eluard), 1932
Martinie, Nusch Eluard, 1934 / Martinie/Roger Viollet/Getty Images
Martinie, Nusch Eluard, 1934 / Martinie/Roger Viollet/Getty Images
Anonymous, Nusch Eluard, 1934
Anonymous, Nusch Eluard, 1934
Lee Miller, Roland Penrose, Paul and Nusch Eluard
Lee Miller, Roland Penrose, Paul and Nusch Eluard
Anonymous, Nusch and Paul  Eluard 1934
Anonymous, Nusch and Paul Eluard 1934
close

Share this picture on