Surrealism originated in the late 1910s as a literary movement that experimented with a new mode of expression called automatic writing which sought to release the unbridled imagination of the subconscious, influenced by the studies of Sigmund Freud as well as Dadaism. In the aftermath of World War I, a group of individuals are thus eager to change the world through provocation, poetry and psychic experiences. Officially consecrated in Paris in 1924 with the publication of the Manifesto of Surrealism by the poet André Breton who dominates the group, Surrealism becomes an international dissident intellectual and political movement. André Breton, Louis Aragon and Paul Eluard are soon joined by visual artists such as Giorgio di Chirico, Francis Picabia or Max Ernst but also the director, Luis Bunuel whose provocative and erotic works seduce the authors. With his erotic and hallucinatory paintings, Salvador Dali is highly praised by André Breton with whom he collaborates on the review Minotaure, the Surrealist publication. While the movement is disturbed by political disagreements and bursting public splits, many Surrealists settle in New York during World War II thus influencing the emerging Abstract Expressionism, Action Painting and Pop Art. At least, the group weakened by its conflicts found an afterlife in contemporary movements.