Two years after the Summer of Love, John Roberts, Joel Rosenman and Artie Kornfeld decide to organise a music festival from the 15th to the 17th August 1969. The Woodstock festival, subtitled ‘three days of peace, music and…love’ was supposed to welcome 50 000 spectators, they were 450 000 eager to listen to American music’s stars such as The Who, Joan Baez or Janis Joplin but also discover young artists whose performance during the festival would launch their career. It was the case for Joe Cocker, Crosby, Still, Nash and Young as well as Santana. An iconic historical hippie gathering and rock music moment, the Woodstock festival and its musicians still incarnate today the epitome of America’s counterculture and freedom of speech but also its swan song. So when Jimi Hendrix ends the festival with an epic Vietnam version of the American hymn, Star Spangled Banner, by making his electric guitar scream, not only does he imitate the yelling of bombs but does he also wildly annunciate the end of an era, incarnated by his own death and that of Janis Joplin a year later.